Using Cannabis to Help Treat the Excruciating Symptoms of Gout

Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs when uric acid levels rise in the body. It can cause pain, swelling and inflammation which leads to excruciating symptoms for sufferers. Cannabis has been found to be an effective treatment for gout patients who want relief from these debilitating side effects without drugs or surgery.

Gout is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in the joints, resulting in pain and swelling. Cannabis has been found to be an effective treatment for gout by reducing inflammation, healing damaged cartilage, and decreasing uric acid levels.

A new study in the Journal of Rheumatology found that cannabis was effective at treating gout symptoms. This is due to the cannabinoid CBD, which has anti-inflammatory properties.

Gout is a kind of arthritis that is prevalent, complicated, and may affect anybody. Patients with gout are afflicted by sudden and severe pain, swelling, and other symptoms. This ailment affects a variety of joints, but the one near the base of the big toe is the most common. Gout is caused by arthropathy, a kind of joint disease. Fortunately, gouty joint pain and inflammation are connected to the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). 

What exactly is gout?

Gout is a medical ailment that affects the big toe and is often referred to as podagra. Podagra is a Greek phrase that means “foot trap” and refers to gout in the metatarsophalangeal joint, which is the joint that connects the foot to the big toes. Because it produces recurrent joint pain episodes, it’s also known as gouty arthritis. Along with osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, psoriatic arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, it is one of the most common types of arthritis. 

According to Ada Health, the most significant distinctions between other forms of arthritis and gout are the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints, a rapid immunological reaction, and the sort of pain experienced. Unlike gout, arthritis pain is more of a constant discomfort rather than the rapid episodes or spikes that gout is known for. Gout may flare up unexpectedly while undertaking normal tasks like walking or resting. 

Gout, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is an inflammation of any joint; however, it most often affects the big and smaller toe joints, ankles, and knees. Inflammation causes a variety of uncomfortable and restricting symptoms. To rule out alternative causes of joint pain, such as pseudogout or septic joint, and decide the best course of therapy, a sample of fluid is examined under a microscope, along with other testing, including blood tests. 

When crystals called urate or uric acid begin to collect in the joint, gout develops. When your body’s blood has too much uric acid, urea crystals develop. It may also happen to those who have normal uric acid levels. Blood, kidney, and thyroid issues may all make it difficult for the body to get rid of excess uric acid. A purine-rich diet may also contribute to the development of gout. Organ meats, red meats, oily fish like sardines and anchovies, beans, mushrooms, and some vegetables like asparagus and cauliflower are all high in purine. 

Gouty Symptoms

The following are some of the most common symptoms seen by podagra patients:

  • Joint Pain: According to Ada Health, when someone has a gout flare-up, the pain may be severe and linger for up to a week if left untreated.
  • Discomfort: The discomfort might remain for a few days to a few weeks after the most extreme pain has faded, giving the impression that it is lingering. Spikes in gout that occur later may typically result in considerably greater long-term pain, affecting more joints.
  • Swelling, pain, heat, and redness of the joint and surrounding region are all symptoms of inflammation of the joint(s).
  • Limited Range of Motion: As gout affects a person’s life and advances, it may cause the afflicted joint to become immobile (s). This is why gout prevention via lifestyle modifications, dietary adjustments, and regular medicines is critical.

 

Gout Treatment with Cannabis

What Can Cannabis Do for You?

According to Dr. Ethan Russo and a clinical research regarding cannabis and pain management, people have been utilizing cannabis to treat gout for millennia, beginning with Chinese civilizations in 2900 BC and integrating with western medicine around the 17th century. Cannabis might help patients with gout a lot because to the linkages between joints and the ECS. One of the most common justifications for cannabis usage is its ability to relieve pain, edema, and inflammation. Cannabis contains molecules known as cannabinoids, which treat arthritic sufferers (including gout patients) in diverse ways. Dr. Russo explains that 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) acts as a pain reliever, while cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabidiol (CBD) have anti-inflammatory properties and can help decrease swelling, inflammation, and discomfort. 

THC, CBD, and CBC are all cannabinoids contained in cannabis, and when used together, they enhance their distinct effects. The entourage effect is a term created by Dr. Russo to describe this phenomena. 

Gout, Medical Marijuana, and the ECS

The endocannabinoid system is a signaling system found in the neurological system of the body (ECS). This signaling system is in charge of, among other things, regulating our pain levels. Cannabinoids from cannabis products interact with and excite cannabinoid receptors, among other receptors in the body, which are present both within and outside the ECS, according to a study published in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research. By raising or reducing the quantities of endocannabinoids, or fat-based neurotransmitters, cannabis activates the receptors in the ECS, resulting in decreased pain perception and inflammation. The special link that exists between cannabis and the ECS is what makes medicinal marijuana so useful in so many ways. 

Different pharmaceutical medications, avoiding purine-rich foods, weight loss, drinking plenty of water, reducing alcohol consumption, managing concurrent blood pressure and kidney problems, daily nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), colchicine, pegloticase, and steroids are among the current treatment options. Cannabis has the potential to be informally added to that list. Regrettably, there is currently a paucity of research on cannabis and gout in particular. However, there is encouraging data and study on (1) cannabidiol as an anti-arthritic oral medicine, (2) cannabidiol lowering inflammation and discomfort in arthritis, and (3) cannabinoids as an osteoarthritic knee drug. These kinds of studies help to show how cannabis may aid people with gout by using comparable methods. 

According to the studies mentioned above, when CBD was administered topically to rats with arthritis, inflammation and discomfort were reduced. In addition, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) supported the use of cannabis for arthritic symptoms in a 2020 review, despite just 26% of patients being advised to try it. One out of every five patients with arthritis (described in the research as persistent musculoskeletal pain) utilized CBD to relieve their pain and inflammation, according to a survey of 629 participants. Doctors engaged in the research are likewise optimistic about the potential of medical cannabis replacing opiate drugs. In one poll, 90 percent of individuals who tried cannabis said it was beneficial, and 40 percent said it reduced their need of other pain drugs. 

Many patients prefer CBD-only topical medicines or topical products with trace quantities of THC over smoking cannabis or eating edibles because they may be administered directly to the skin over the afflicted joint. Many people also consume CBD oil orally or use it topically to their skin. Although topical approaches may not result in enough systemic absorption to produce a “high,” cannabinoids such as THC and CBD may bioaccumulate over time. If you elect to smoke or take medicinal cannabis orally, Dr. Russo recommends starting with tiny amounts and gradually increasing them. To get relief from gout pain or inflammation, you don’t have to experience any of marijuana’s negative effects, especially the euphoric ones.

Keeping Gout Flares at Bay

Fortunately, there are simple strategies to avoid or reduce gout flare-ups that don’t necessarily entail pharmaceuticals, while prescriptions are still safe and helpful for the majority of patients. According to the Mayo Clinic, uric acid or urate crystals that build up in gout sufferers may be partly reduced by a number of lifestyle changes. The following are some of the simpler interventions:

  • Limiting liquids sweetened with fructose, a form of sugar found in fruits, and drinking enough of water. 
  • As much as possible, limit or avoid drinking. 
  • Protein should be obtained from low-fat dairy products. 
  • Purine-rich meals should be consumed in moderation. Red meats, turkey, veal, venison, bacon, anchovies, sardines, mussels, scallops, trout, and tuna are examples of these meals.
  • Low-impact exercises like walking, biking, and swimming may help you maintain a healthy body weight. These exercises are gentler on your joints.

Gout is one of the most painful kinds of arthritis, which is why, in addition to prevention, it’s critical to have effective and low-risk treatment alternatives. Medical cannabis may be a readily available, economical, effective, and all-natural solution for pain, inflammation, and related symptoms, in addition to the key preventative and therapeutic treatments. Cannabis may be ingested, administered topically, or breathed, to name a few methods of consumption. Despite the fact that there is no particular study on gout and cannabis, experts are sure that the medicinal advantages of cannabis for arthritis will also apply to gout.

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Gout is a type of arthritis that causes excruciating pain in the joints. Cannabis has been shown to help with the symptoms of gout. Reference: gout treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does metformin affect gout?

A: In general, Metformin has been shown to be safe for most people with mild diabetes. It is only recommended that you talk to your doctor if you are on any other medications or have a history of heart disease or kidney problems.

What is the best way to get rid of gout?

A: The best way to get rid of gout is through diet change and exercise. You should try adding a grapefruit in your morning shake, drinking plenty of water to help flush out the uric acid buildup that causes this disease, and switching to a vegan or vegetarian diet when possible because animal proteins can cause it too.

What drugs raise uric acid levels?

A: Acetazolamide is a drug that raises uric acid levels in the body. Its typically taken for gout and other causes of high uric acid.

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