From Plant to Retail Product

Cannabis is now legal in Canada, and the industry has exploded. Entrepreneurs and investors are looking at cannabis as a viable investment option, but what makes this plant so special? Cannabis can be used to make medicinal products like edibles, oils or tinctures that have been derived from it without any smoke ever entering your lungs. This process relies on technology developed by scientists over many years of research into how marijuana affects different parts of the body.
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From Plant to Retail Product

In today’s competitive market, putting high-quality items on the shelves might be difficult, but with the correct knowledge and cannabis equipment, your company can prosper. Businesses who have a thorough and complete grasp of how to optimize their cannabis processing facilities are not only able to remain competitive in the present market, but are well positioned to be leaders in the global cannabis industry in the future.

It might be difficult to set up a cannabis processing facility. Large-scale cannabis businesses must buy equipment for everything from drying to packaging in order to sell their product. Prerolls, extracted solutions, and buds are just a few of the cannabis goods produced by many profitable enterprises. Businesses must make strategic judgments on the appropriate systems for their product demands at each level of the post-harvest process. These decisions may have a significant impact on the end product’s quality as well as the efficiency of your operations. In the cannabis processing industry, there are batch dryers and continuous flow dryers, wet trimmers and dry trimmers, commercial grinders, large-scale sorting equipment, humidity control systems, and so much more.

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How to Prepare Cannabis for Use

When the cannabis plants are ready to be harvested, farmers cut them down and transport them to a processing facility, where they are dried, cured, sorted, and sometimes further processed for extraction or crushed up for prerolls. After the plants are harvested, there are a number of crucial stages that must be completed in order to produce a high-quality end product. All procedures involved in the post-harvest process, from drying to packing, are referred to as cannabis processing. 

The most successful cannabis and hemp companies pay close attention to all of the steps involved in the post-harvest process. The molecular composition of the buds changes throughout processing, affecting the scent, potency, and taste of the finished goods. Before you buy any equipment or commit to any method, you need understand how marijuana is processed.

Drying

The moisture on the exterior of the buds is removed during the drying process after cannabis is harvested. In certain circumstances, companies bypass the drying process and cut the blossoms off their branches right away. Many seasoned entrepreneurs advise against missing this process since it helps retain the precious trichomes found in cannabis. 

Hang drying complete plants or individual branches, wet-bucking buds off plants to dry them on screens, and placing branches on drying racks are all options for drying cannabis. Each strategy has advantages and disadvantages. Hang-drying complete plants is a long-consuming process that requires a lot of space and time, but it gives buds more room to dry. Wet-bucking necessitates smaller drying rooms and reduces the time it takes for each crop to dry. However, if the buds are crammed together too tightly on the drying screen, they may get infected. 

Many large-scale industries utilize automated drying systems to provide uniform outcomes and reduce the risk of human mistake. Environmental management is critical for an effective drying process, which may span anywhere from one to four weeks depending on the cultivar’s bulk and profile. Temperatures, humidity levels, light exposure, and ventilation must all be managed in the drying rooms. Mechanized drying in industrial chambers, employing a continuous flow drier or batch dryers, eliminates numerous variables, such as the possibility of mold development and overdrying fresh flowers.

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Trimming

Trimming takes place either immediately after harvest or after the drying process, and is referred to as wet trimming or dry trimming. Although certain professional trimming equipment can handle both wet and dry cannabis, today’s cannabis entrepreneurs consider trimming dry cannabis to be the gold standard. Modern dry trimmers, like as the GreenBroz Model M, imitate the soft touch of a human hand and may take the place of a team of personnel.

You can standardize your trimming techniques for multi-state operations if you use a trimming system with adjustable automatic settings. This is particularly critical for companies that handle cannabis for several purposes. It’s considerably simpler to harvest consistent buds for sale if you use a dry trimming technique that classifies your buds by size. Some sorting systems can also gather and separate kief, which is perfect for prerolls and extraction. 

Curing

Unfortunately, curing cannabis is an often-overlooked stage in the post-harvest process. In reality, for a high-quality final product, a good cure is required. Temperature, humidity, light, and airflow are all important factors in the curing process, just as they are in the drying process. During this stage, the buds’ molecular composition continues to change, affecting the quantities of CBN and THC in the flower. The buds should be stored in airtight containers that are about 75 percent full. To preserve the buds, certain specific containers block off light. Containers should be opened once a day for ventilation during the first and second weeks of curing. Commercial scale curing often necessitates automated systems that “burp” the bud in a methodical manner, eliminating the need for human opening of each container. Even with automated methods, the curing period, which may take up to five weeks, should not be rushed.

Grind

 

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Buds are ready to be packaged for sale or crushed up for usage in other cannabis products after the curing procedure is completed. The cannabis business is grinding more flower than ever before in response to the growing demand of prerolls, extraction, and edibles. Choosing the finest grinder for pre-rolls is a major concern for expanding enterprises. The Model G Precision Grinder and Destemmer not only allows for variable and precise grind sizes, but it also keeps stems out of prerolls and puncturing the paper. Investing in a dry sift extractor and a rosin press to get the most out of trimming byproducts, kief, and powdered flower is another wise choice for many cannabis businesses.

Storage/Packaging

Smart firms are just as deliberate and meticulous about the packing process as they are about the drying, clipping, and curing of flowers. Automation, like the rest of the cannabis processing industry, is a major approach for large-scale operations. In a single day, a compact packaging machine may more than quadruple the output of one worker. Packaging machines are also necessary for long-term storage since they are accurate, dependable, and efficient. When a product is badly packed or sealed, consumers can tell. The vacuum seal is guaranteed to be secure when using an automated packing technique.

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